Nenets Autotomous District

Nizhnepechorsky Nature Reserve – more tools are needed to conserve the nature

BPAN activities in Nizhnepechorsky protected area

The BPAN biodiversity pilot project in Nenets Autonomous District (NAO), Russia, has produced new information about the state of the Nizhnepechorsky Nature Reserve. The tasks were to assess current status of the environment, forecast changes caused by natural and anthropogenic factors and make recommendations to reduce negative impacts on the ecosystem of the reserve.

According to conclusions of the environmental monitoring, ecosystems in the nature reserve as well as the whole delta of the Pechora River are threatened by poaching, building activities, commercial fishery and mining. As stated by experts, without measures to reduce the negative impacts, the role of the reserve in biodiversity conservation, including its significant value as bird area, may be lost.

Experts evaluated the state of nature in Nizhnepechorsky. Photo: Y. Andryukov

In the pilot project studies, a special emphasis was put on examining the state of soil, vegetation and wildlife. Taking into account that the ecosystem of the nature reserve is inextricably connected to the whole delta of the Pechora River, the monitoring was carried out also in the territories adjacent to the protected area.

The Nizhnepechorsky Nature Reserve of three parts (yellow). Bird monitoring was carried out in September 2012. The routes (green) covered areas inside and outside the protected area.

The results of geobotanical studies indicated that activities of local population, such us reindeer herding, are not significantly affecting the vegetation, and additional measures to protect flora are not required.

Several methods were used in the study:

  • accounting game species;
  • determining the density of their population;
  • defining the causes of decreasing populations in certain areas.

Bird monitoring in the reserve and the neighboring areas confirmed that the Pechora delta is important for waterfowl not only during the nesting season, but also during moult and seasonal migrations. The territory is a valuable feeding area and a place of concentration of various bird species during the spring and autumn migrations, including the rare red-listed species such as Bewick’s swan, white-tailed eagle and peregrine falcon, to mention few. Thus, the territory is internationally important in conservation of diversity of bird species.

Фото: Петр Глазов

Bird diversity is one the key values in the area. Photo: P. Glazov

The pilot project was conducted by NAO sub-department of the Russian Agricultural Academy, Institute of Geography of the Russian Academy of Sciences as well as the Centre of Nature Management and Environmental Monitoring of Arkhangelsk Region.

Brochures on planned protected areas in Nenets Autonomous District

Also a brochure on protected areas of Nenets Autonomous District was published (only in Russian).

Сборник материалов “Особо охраняемые природные территории Ненецкого автономного округа” (pdf)